Nephrology is the study of the kidney and its functions and diseases related to functioning of the kidney, it also focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of Nephrological diseases. Nephrology also deals with the diagnosis and treatment of various kidney diseases, which specifically includes electrolyte disturbances and hypertension, and the care of those people who require a renal replacement therapy, which includes dialysis and renal transplant patients. Nephrology as a discipline arose from descriptive studies of childhood pyelonephritis. The look of normal kidney feature worries with the kidney issues, treatment of kidney problems. Renal replacement therapy includes Dialysis and Kidney transplantation. The kidneys are a couple of brownish -crimson structures placed retro-peritoneal on the posterior wall of the abdomen from the twelfth thoracic vertebra to the third lumbar vertebra such as renal parenchyma and renal pelvic vicinity Kidneys play a vital role which includes filtration, re-absorption & excretion of metabolic waste products like urea and ammonium, regulating blood stress, electrolyte balance, and RBC production within the body which make an energetic shape of Vitamin D helps in maintaining bone health. Now, Nephrology trends in kidney failure treatment have helped many sufferers. Nephrology includes all the sickness inflicting cancer, cysts, stones, infections and demise of the kidney cells which involves the regular working of the kidneys and also its illness.
- Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)
- Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
- End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
- Continual Kidney Disorder